CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease and leading cause of death in the United States. It is caused by plaque buildup in the wall of the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries) causing the arteries to narrow. Plaque is made up of cholesterol deposits. Symptoms can include chest pain, heart attack, or no symptoms at all. Over time, CAD can weaken the heart muscle. This may lead to heart failure, a serious condition where the heart cannot pump blood the way it should. Treatments include lifestyle changes, medications, angioplasty, and surgery.