END STAGE RENAL DISEASE
Diabetes is one of the most important causes for loss of kidney function that requires dialysis. Kidney failure is the last stage of long-term (chronic) kidney disease. Many people can have kidney disease and keep a normal life but if Diabetes is not controlled, kidney disease will progress until the kidneys can no longer support the body’s needs. Usually, dialysis will be started when only 10% to 15% of kidney function is left. Hemodialysis (and other types of dialysis) does some of the job of the kidneys when they stop functioning correctly. It removes extra salt, water, and waste products so they do not build up in the body; keep safe levels of minerals and vitamins in the body; help control blood pressure; help produce red blood cells. The kidneys’ main job is to remove toxins and extra fluid from the blood. If waste products build up in the body, it can be dangerous and even cause death.